# Is Time An Interval or Ratio Variable? Explanation & Example

The only scenario where time would not be considered an interval variable is if we’re talking about a duration of time. The balances of the amount of debt borrowed from financial lenders or created through bond issuance, less repaid amounts, are included in separate line items in the liabilities section of the balance sheet. Assume, for example, that XYZ Company has \$10 million in 4% debt outstanding and \$10 million in common stock. The cost of capital for issuing more debt is an annual interest rate of 6%.

The formula for a company’s TIE number is earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT) divided by the total interest payable on bonds and other debt. A TIE ratio (times interest earned ratio) of 2.5 means that EBIT, a company’s operating earnings before interest and income taxes, is two and one-half times the amount of its interest expense. The interpretation is that the company is within its debt capacity with a low risk of not paying interest on its debt. A times interest earned ratio of at least 2.0 is considered acceptable. As a TIE financial ratio example, a company’s TIE ratio is computed as EBIT (earnings before interest and taxes) divided by annual interest expense on debt. The times interest earned ratio (TIE) is calculated as 2.15 when dividing EBIT of \$515,000 by annual interest expense of \$240,000.

In this scenario, the duration of cooking time would be considered a ratio variable because there is a true zero value – zero minutes. To calculate TIE (times interest earned), use a multi-step income statement or general ledger to find EBIT (earnings before interest and taxes) and interest expense relating to debt financing. Divide EBIT by interest expense to determine how many times interest expense is covered by EBIT to assess the level of risk for making interest payments on debt financing. This Fed study means that the TIE ratio (ICR ratio) can also predict the probability of overall “default and financial distress” of a business, not only its ability to pay interest on debt obligations. But you can rely on other ratios too that analyze the payment of both interest expense and principal on debt.

## Times Interest Earned Ratio Calculator (TIE)

Reading this article, you’ll understand why the price/time ratio works and how you can use it to make better expenditure choices. Get instant access to video lessons taught by experienced investment bankers. Learn financial statement modeling, DCF, M&A, LBO, Comps and Excel shortcuts.

Will your company have enough profits (and cash generated) from business operations to pay all interest expense due on its debt in the next year? Use the times interest earned ratio (TIE), also known as interest coverage ratio (ICR), to make an assessment. The Times Interest Earned Ratio (TIE) measures a company’s ability to service its interest expense obligations based on its current operating income. I did the same calculation for a \$249 Ted Baker skirt I bought for my master’s graduation. In total, I wore it for 14 hours, or 840 minutes which equals a per-minute price of 0.2964\$.

The times interest earned ratio (TIE), also known as the interest coverage ratio (ICR), is an important metric. A company’s ability to pay all interest expense on its debt obligations is likely when it has a high times interest earned ratio. The TIE ratio is based on your company’s recent current income for the latest year reported compared to interest expense on debt. For this internal financial management purpose, you can use trailing 12-month totals to approximate an annual interest expense. Times interest earned ratio (TIE) is a solvency ratio indicating the ability to pay all interest on business debt obligations.

A company’s capitalization is the amount of money it has raised by issuing stock or debt, and those choices impact its TIE ratio. Businesses consider the cost of capital for stock and debt and use that cost to make decisions. Obviously, no company needs to cover its debts several times over in order to survive.

## Time Ratio Calculator

The purpose of the TIE ratio, also known as the interest coverage ratio (ICR), is to evaluate whether a business can pay the interest expense on its debt obligations in the next year. In the context of times interest earned, debt means loans, including notes payable, credit lines, and bond obligations. The times interest earned ratio (TIE) compares the operating income (EBIT) of a company relative to the amount of interest expense due on its debt obligations. Otherwise known as the interest coverage ratio, the TIE ratio helps measure the credit health of a borrower. As a general rule of thumb, the higher the times interest earned ratio, the more capable the company is at paying off its interest expense on time.

• Here, Company A is depicting an upside scenario where the operating profit is increasing while interest expense remains constant (i.e. straight-lined) throughout the projection period.
• Businesses consider the cost of capital for stock and debt and use that cost to make decisions.
• The balances of the amount of debt borrowed from financial lenders or created through bond issuance, less repaid amounts, are included in separate line items in the liabilities section of the balance sheet.
• Once a company establishes a track record of producing reliable earnings, it may begin raising capital through debt offerings as well.
• When she’s not writing, Barbara likes to research public companies and play Pickleball, Texas Hold ‘em poker, bridge, and Mah Jongg.

The company’s shareholders expect an annual dividend payment of 8% plus growth in the stock price of XYZ. These statements are flawed because they’re rooted in the assumption that value equals its price. This logic ignores the true value of something, meaning in what way and how much you use it. If you work on your computer eight hours six days a week, your MacBook is likely the cheapest thing you own. These represent scenarios where we would classify time as a ratio variable instead  of an interval variable. One recipe has a total cooking time of 40 minutes and the other has a cooking time of 20 minutes.

## Times Interest Earned Ratio (TIE)

Relatively, the skirt is 30 times more expensive as expensive than my MacBook. Time is considered an interval variable because differences between all time points are equal but there is no “true zero” value for time. To calculate the times interest earned ratio, we simply take the operating income and divide it by the interest expense. The resulting ratio shows the number of times that a company could pay off its interest expense using its operating income. Conceptually identical to the interest coverage ratio, the TIE ratio formula consists of dividing the company’s EBIT by the total interest expense on all debt securities. As a rule, companies that generate consistent annual earnings are likely to carry more debt as a percentage of total capitalization.

Failing to meet these obligations could force a company into bankruptcy. It is used by both lenders and borrowers in determining a company’s debt capacity. To assess a company’s ability to pay principal plus interest on debt, you can also use the debt service coverage ratio. The debt service coverage ratio (DSCR) is net operating income divided by debt service, which includes principal and interest. The times interest earned (TIE) ratio is a measure of a company’s ability to meet its debt obligations based on its current income.

However, the TIE ratio is an indication of a company’s relative freedom from the constraints of debt. Generating enough cash flow to continue to invest in the business is better than merely having enough money to stave off bankruptcy. As a rule of thumb, everything that costs more than 0.01\$/minute has an unfavorable price per life minute.

I went to seminars, joined masterclasses, and watched online courses. I saved 7,000€ for my emergency fund, tracked my net worth’s development, and set up a monthly investment plan. On their journey to wealth and happiness, many people misunderstand an important part of the money equation. Introduction to Statistics is our premier online video course that teaches you all of the topics covered in introductory statistics. We could also say that someone who runs the marathon in 2 hours ran it in half the amount of time as someone who ran it in 4 hours.

## Importance of Times Interest Earned Ratio

Here, Company A is depicting an upside scenario where the operating profit is increasing while interest expense remains constant (i.e. straight-lined) throughout the projection period.

• The company’s shareholders expect an annual dividend payment of 8% plus growth in the stock price of XYZ.
• EBITDA is earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization.
• In this scenario, the duration of cooking time would be considered a ratio variable because there is a true zero value – zero minutes.
• The times interest earned (TIE) ratio is a measure of a company’s ability to meet its debt obligations based on its current income.
• As a general rule of thumb, the higher the TIE ratio, the better off the company is from a risk standpoint.

Perhaps your accounting software or ERP system automatically calculates ratios from financial statements data. These automatic ratio calculations could include the times interest earned ratio (which may be called interest coverage ratio) from the company’s income statement data. The times interest earned ratio (interest coverage ratio) can be used in combination with a net debt-to-EBITDA ratio to indicate a company’s ability for debt repayment. EBITDA is earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization.

A times interest earned ratio of 2.15 is considered good because the company’s EBIT is about two times its annual interest expense. This means that the business has a high probability of paying interest expense on its debt in the next year. In this scenario, the duration of time would be considered a ratio variable because there is a “true zero” value – zero seconds. A good TIE ratio is at least 2 or 3, especially in economic times when EBIT can fall due to revenue drops and cost inflation effects, and interest expense rises on variable rate debt as the Fed raises rates. The relatively high TIE ratio means the company’s EBIT is 2 to 3 times its annual interest expense, which is a margin of safety for the risk of making interest payments on debt.

TIE is calculated as EBIT (earnings before interest and taxes) divided by total interest expense. The higher the times interest earned ratio, the more likely the company can pay interest on its debts. Times interest earned ratio measures a company’s ability to continue to service its debt. It is an indicator to tell if a company is running into financial trouble. A high ratio means that a company is able to meet its interest obligations because earnings are significantly greater than annual interest obligations. A lower times interest earned ratio means fewer earnings are available to meet interest payments.

The following FAQs provide answers to questions about the TIE/ICR ratio, including times interest earned ratio interpretation. Startup firms and businesses that have inconsistent earnings, on the other hand, raise most or all of the capital they use by issuing stock. Once a company establishes a track record of producing reliable earnings, it may begin raising capital through debt offerings as well. Once you compare the price with the time you’ll use it; you’ll stop buying things you don’t need. Plus, you don’t make a mistake to save on something you will use every day.

Making great buying decisions doesn’t need to feel complex or exhausting. Remembering to divide the price by the time you’ll use it can actually be quite fun. When you look at your things in that way, you’ll see some things are worth spending money on, as you use them many minutes of your life. On the other hand, be cautious about wasting money on things that cost more than 0.01\$/minute as you won’t have much value for them. In this exercise, we’ll be comparing the net income of a company with vs. without growing interest expense payments.

Consult a financial professional before making any significant financial decisions. A new metric to see the true price of something can improve the way you spend your money. They think earning more, spending less, and investing the rest will make them wealthy. And while this holds true, it’s how they spend their money that can make all the difference. We could also say that one recipe has a cooking time that is twice as long as the other. In the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic and escalating tensions with China, American companies are actively seeking alternatives to mitigate their supply chain risks and reduce dependence on Chinese manufacturing.